Texas HistoryToday in Texas History: The Lone Star Flag Adopted by the Republic of Texas

The only flag to fly over both an independent country and a state, the iconic Lone Star Flag of Texas was adopted on January 25, 1839.
January 25, 2022
Six flags have flown over Texas, but the most enduring and recognizable that gives Texas its moniker as the “Lone Star State” was adopted when Texas was still an independent country on January 25, 1839. 

Mirabeau Lamar was president at the time, and the capital was in Houston.

When adopted, the description was that it should consist of “a blue perpendicular stripe of the width of one-third of the whole length of the flag and a white star of five points in the center thereof and two horizontal stripes of equal length and breadth, the upper stripe of white, the lower of red, of the length of two-thirds of the length of the whole flag.”

Later, in 1933, it was clarified by statute that the star ought to be about one-third the depth of the blue field.

The red of the flag is said to represent courage, the white represents purity and liberty, and the blue represents loyalty. 

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Austin artist Peter Krag drafted the first design of the Lone Star flag for $200, according to the Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Texans take great pride in the flag, and it can be found on home decor, clothing, and other items.

However, there are rules and etiquette that apply when displaying the Texas flag. 

For example, according to the legislature, it “should not be used in any form of advertising.” 

To show respect for the flag and the state, it “should be displayed on all State Memorial Days and on special occasions of historical significance.”

Furthermore, the Texas flag should be flown at every school in Texas on all regular school days. 

The United States Flag Code states that when the national flag is displayed with a group of state flags, “the flag of the United States of America should be at the center and at the highest point of the group.” When on the same halyard, the U.S. flag must be at the top. 

But if the flags are flown from the different poles, the Texas flag must not be higher than the U.S. flag or to its right.

The Lone Star flag was not the first flag of the Republic of Texas, which was adopted under President Sam Houston in 1836 and consisted of a blue background with a gold star in the center. It was known as the “National Standard of Texas,” according to the Handbook of Texas Online. 

The Texas Pledge of Allegiance was passed in its current form in 2007 and states, “Honor the Texas Flag: I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas, one state under God, one and indivisible.”


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Kim Roberts

Kim Roberts is a regional reporter for the Texan in the DFW metroplex area where she has lived for over twenty years. She has a Juris Doctor from Baylor University Law School and a Bachelor's in government from Angelo State University. In her free time, Kim home schools her daughter and coaches high school extemporaneous speaking and apologetics. She has been happily married to her husband for 23 years, has three wonderful children, and two dogs.